Adderall is an incredibly popular drug and has been the cornerstone of treatment for many people, but it can also become an addictive substance that changes lives. Adderall is a stimulant, meaning it stimulates the central nervous system, affecting the levels and activity of neurotransmitters in your brain. The two neurotransmitters that Adderall acts on are dopamine and norepinephrine. This is what makes it such an effective medication in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
For those who live with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Adderall can be a greatly effective aid in helping them reduce or eliminate the symptoms associated with the condition. It helps them to have a greater degree of control over their attention, focus, and concentration, as well as improving self-control. However, when people take it who have not been prescribed the medication legitimately, they are abusing it and presenting conditions to their body that could be very harmful in the long run.
The reason that Adderall has become a popular drug to abuse has a lot to do with its effects. Adderall is part of the amphetamine family of drugs and is a very powerful stimulant when used by people who do not need it to manage symptoms. Amphetamines are a very tightly controlled class of drugs due to the potency of their effects and the potential dangers of abuse and withdrawal.
Dangers of Snorting Adderall
While many people who abuse Adderall simply take the pills or capsules like they were designed, some people want a different timeframe for the effects, and so they snort them. Snorting, known officially as insufflation, is when the Adderall pill or capsule is crushed up into a relatively fine powder and inhaled through the nose.
The reason this is done is primarily for potency and speed of onset of the effects. When taking the pills, there is often a reasonable amount of time before the dose becomes active, however, when snorting Adderall the effects will set in within moments and will be far more potent than the feelings of the effects by oral route. When snorting Adderall, the individual abusing the substance is also able to circumvent most of the measures that allow for delayed, timed, or extended-release doses.
Some of the dangers associated with snorting Adderall are simply due to the method of administration that the users choose. Snorting Adderall, no matter how finely it is crushed or ground up, will usually always involve larger, more jagged pieces of the pill or capsule contents. These pieces of medication can not only cause physical damage to the nasal and sinus tissue by causing tiny cuts, but they can introduce potentially serious sinus infections and even tissue necrosis.
Even when used by those with prescriptions, Adderall can cause side effects that include restlessness, nervousness, anxiety, irritability and emotional instability, muscle tremors, headache, stomach ache, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, fever, low saliva production, elevated blood pressure, blurry or distorted vision, hair loss, low sex drive, impotence, and even trouble reaching orgasm.
It is a powerful stimulant, and like any other medications that are formulated with stimulants like amphetamines, it is only ever intended to be used for short durations. Any long-term use or abuse leads to severe and potentially deadly effects on the brain and the body. This is because it can drastically alter the dopamine release system and receptors, as well as the reward centers of the brain.
This is the prime mechanism by which snorting Adderall develops a chemical dependency with those who abuse it. Once the last dose of the drug wears off the acute withdrawal symptoms will begin to surface. Sometimes users will feel the effectiveness of Adderall decreasing, so they will raise their dosage without consulting their doctor. This often leads to withdrawals setting in faster, and being more serious and uncomfortable, with potential long-term issues.
Snorting Adderall Withdrawal Symptoms
If the individual snorting Adderall was legitimately prescribed their Adderall, once they stop taking it they should see an immediate return of any symptoms that it was effectively managing as well as additional symptoms related to the withdrawal process and the dependency.
Some of the very first symptoms that will be experienced will often include a generally bad mood, mood swings, depression, lethargy, and severely decreased libido. This can result in many people finding that they no longer enjoy things they once enjoyed while being prescribed or snorting Adderall. The symptoms experienced may not be consistent from one abuser to the next and can vary greatly based on a variety of factors like age, sex, medical history, and addiction profile.
Some of the more serious withdrawal symptoms will include more challenges than usual focusing on tasks and concentrating, trouble assembling clear thoughts, muscle tremors and shaking, anxiety, and memory issues that will grow more and more serious.
Treatment for an Addiction to Snorting Adderall
If you believe you may be or may know someone who is addicted to snorting Adderall, it can be important to reach out to them and let them know that help is available. They may feel very isolated and nearly hopeless when caught in the cycle of addiction. When speaking with contact recovery professionals, however, the individual can begin to feel safe and secure in the potential for their recovery and are more likely to pursue it with determination.
Not only will working with experienced addiction professionals allow the individual to complete their detox and withdrawal stage in a medically supervised environment, but it will also allow them to begin working on addressing the root cause of their addictive tendencies. Once they have completed the withdrawal and detox, they can speak to a variety of counselors and use other resources to learn and practice healthy coping mechanisms as well as when to use them.
By learning how to recognize their own triggering events and thought patterns, they can learn how to avoid or deal with them, and build an incredibly strong foundation for continued successful recovery.