It seems like every day there is another story on the news about this country’s opioid crisis and the devastating effects it is having on the individuals who get caught in it as well as their families and friends. Fueled to epidemic status by widespread prescription abuse, opioids remain one of the most abused substances year after year. Hydrocodone is one of the most commonly abused prescription opioids.
Hydrocodone is a synthetic opioid that is produced and marketed to treat moderate to severe pain and a variety of locations, often when other treatments are not able to help or are not able to help enough to be useful. Hydrocodone is frequently sold under the brand name Vicodin, and while it is most often prescribed for short-term pain control after injury or oral surgical procedures. It is only prescribed for short-term pain control since it can generate a significant chemical dependency if taken for too long.
Side-Effects of Mixing Hydrocodone and Alcohol
The primary risk of mixing hydrocodone and alcohol is the highly elevated potential for an overdose situation. The side effects include severe nausea, sudden vomiting, fainting or loss of consciousness, difficulty breathing, abnormal behavior, heartbeat irregularity, cardiovascular instability, coma, and even death. This risk is exacerbated by the fact that if someone already has hydrocodone in their system, it only takes a relatively small amount of alcohol to begin the dangerous and potentially deadly interaction.
Withdrawal Symptoms From Hydrocodone
Hydrocodone interacts with the same receptors in the brain as heroin, and since it has such a significant effect on the body it can begin to form a strong chemical dependency after only being prescribed its use for a week. This means that even in such a short time as 5 days of prescribed use, stopping hydrocodone can begin to bring on the symptoms of withdrawal. These withdrawal symptoms can begin to occur in as little as 6 hours from the last time the drug was taken and can last about 10-14 days. This will strongly depend on the variety of hydrocodone that was being abused since extended-release or delayed-release formulations can present their own unique timelines.
The withdrawal process itself begins because of the way that hydrocodone affects the reward centers of the brain and the portions of the brain. The effect is so strong that the brain realizes that it doesn’t have to make these chemicals itself any longer, and it becomes accustomed to those chemicals being provided automatically and begins to depend on them being provided by the substance. Once that substance is cut off, the brain has trouble producing the neurotransmitters in the quantity that the body thinks it needs, and this is where the withdrawal symptoms start.
Symptoms of withdrawal from hydrocodone will often include anxiety, depression, agitation, diarrhea, highly dilated pupils often called ‘pinpoint’ pupils, low-grade fever, insomnia, muscle and joint pain, depression, nausea, runny nose, uncontrollable sweating, vomiting, yawning, and irritability. Many people will only experience a few of these symptoms, and some others may experience many of them, while a few users may only notice one or two. The severity and duration of the withdrawal symptoms will frequently depend on a long list of variables, one of which being the length and severity of the addiction before help was sought.
There is the possibility of medical detox, which would lessen the impact on the recovering individual from withdrawal symptoms as well as reduce the potential for relapse. There are some conditions that may be too severe to attempt conventional detox, and so a medical professional can administer an injection that will not only block out the opioids from attaching to the opioid receptors, but it helps to complete a full detox in just hours instead of days or weeks.
If medical detox is not used, the beginning of the initial withdrawal symptoms will begin around 6-12 hours after the last dose. Most people will feel the uncomfortable or painful withdrawal symptoms peak around 3 days into the detox process, and they will usually begin to fade away by the end of the first week.
Withdrawal Symptoms From Alcohol
Alcohol is classified as a central nervous system depressant, meaning it slows down the transmission of messages from the brain to the nervous system and vice versa. Once the brain becomes accustomed to this slowing it learns to compensate for the effects, this begins the reinforcement of the chemical dependency that eventually becomes an addiction. When the individual stops the consumption of alcohol in the amounts or frequency previously experienced, the brain suddenly experiences a shortage of crucial brain chemistry components and the withdrawal process begins.
Alcohol withdrawal symptoms will have a large degree of variation in both the type of symptoms displayed and the potential severity and duration of the withdrawal process. This is particularly true of those who have been heavy and constant drinkers for a long time, as it puts them at risk of many of the most severe withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms include feelings of anxiety, mood swings, depression, fatigue, shakiness or tremors, brain fog, sleep disruptions, loss of appetite, increased heart rate, sweating, nausea or vomiting, pale skin, and the DTs.
Treatment Options If Addicted to Mixing Hydrocodone and Alcohol
With both opioid abuse and alcohol abuse becoming more prevalent, the likelihood that you will know someone experiencing the crisis grows and grows every day. If you or someone you know is having trouble being addicted to hydrocodone and alcohol, the best first step you can do is to reach out to local and experienced treatment professionals. They will be able to help the recovering individual to design a personalized treatment plan with detox so that they can work on building a foundation for long-term recovery. The recovery counselors can also help the individual work on healthy coping methods for when they encounter potentially triggering events or situations that would otherwise result in the individual’s relapse.
Reach out today if you or a loved one is struggling with an addiction to hydrocodone or alcohol so that you can get the help you need and deserve.